World Academy of Carpatho-Rusyn Culture


Talerhof (German: Thalerhof)

Talerhof (German: Thalerhof) — an internment camp in the Austrian province of Styria (now under the airport in Graz) operated by the Austro-Hungarian imperial government from 1914 to 1917. The camp housed primarily *Russophile-oriented individuals and families from Galicia, among whom were at least 1,915 *Lemkos (some sources place the figure as high as 5,000) from 151 villages. Of those Lemkos incarcerated, 168 died and numerous others had their health destroyed. In September 1914 virtually the entire Russophile-oriented Lemko intelligentsia was arrested by the Austrian authorities. Among them were priests (Havryil *Hnatyshak, Teofil’ *Kachmarchyk, Dymytrii *Khyliak, Vasylii *Kuryllo, Mykolai *Malyniak, Vasylii *Mastsiukh, Tyt *Myshkovskii, Ioann *Polianskii, Olympii *Polianskii, Roman *Pryslopskii), lawyers (Iaroslav *Kachmarchyk, Teofil’ *Kuryllo) and cultural activists (Nikolai *Hromosiak, Dymytrii *Kachor, Simeon *Pysh, Metodii *Trokhanovskii, Dymytrii *Vyslotskii). All were suspected of possible collaboration with the advancing tsarist Russian Army that had invaded Galicia at the outset of World War I.

In May 1917 the Talerhof camp was closed by order of Emperor Charles I (r. 1916-1918). The barracks were not dismantled until 1936, however, at which time 1,767 corpses were exhumed and reburied in a common grave in the nearby Austrian village of Feldkirchen. In 1924 and 1934 Talerhof Memorial Days were held in L’viv. Four volumes of a memorial book were published, Talergofskii al’manakh (1924-32, repr. 1964) and a Talerhof Museum was established (1928) in L’viv under the direction of Adriian *Kopystianskii, containing physical artifacts of the camp’s inmates and archival materials (diaries, letters, photographs, memoirs).

Bibliography: Vasilii R. Vavrik, Znachenie Talergofa (L’viv, 1934); G.S. Malets, “Tsiel’ i zadachi Talergofskikh Siezdov,” in Illiustrovannyi narodnyi kalendar’ na hod 1935 (L’viv, 1935), pp. 86-160; Voennye prestupleniia Gabsburgskoi monarkhii 1914-1917 gg.: Galitskaia golgofa (Trumbull, Conn., 1964).

Bogdan Horbal

Entry courtesy of Encyclopedia of Rusyn History and Culture.

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